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  • Gallium - Wikipedia

    Gallium is a chemical element with the symbol Ga and atomic number 31. Elemental gallium is a soft, silvery metal at standard temperature and pressure; however in its liquid state it becomes silvery white.If too much force is applied, the gallium may fracture conchoidally.It is in group 13 of the periodic table, and thus has similarities to the other metals of the group, aluminium, indium, and ...

  • Pronunciation: /ˈɡæliəm/ ​(GAL-ee-əm)
  • 6.11: Properties of Gallium Arsenide - Chemistry LibreTexts

    Jun 19, 2020  Gallium arsenide versus silicon. Gallium arsenide is a compound semiconductor with a combination of physical properties that has made it an attractive candidate for many electronic applications. From a comparison of various physical and electronic properties of GaAs with those of Si (Table 3) the advantages of GaAs over Si can be readily ...

  • Gallium arsenide (GaAs) leaching behavior and surface ...

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a material widely used in electronic devices. Disposal of electronic waste containing GaAs in municipal solid waste landfills raises concerns about the public health and ecological risks associated with the potential release of toxic arsenic (As) species.

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  • CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Reducing the ...

    SummaryBackgroundResearch ReportsRegulatory StatusConclusionsRecommendationsReferencesThe National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is requesting assistance in reducing the potential risk of developing cancer in workers exposed to gallium arsenide particulates in the microelectronics industry. Three recent experimental animal studies have indicated that gallium arsenide dissociates in the body to release gallium and arsenic. The arsenic is inorganic, biologically available, and distributed thro在cdc.gov上查看更多信息发布日期: Jun 06, 2014
  • Reduction of Arsenic Wastes in the Semiconductor Industry

    ----- being disposed are unlisted (e.g., GaAs is not a specifically regulated waste except in California) and usually will pass a TCLP test, the toxic metals contained therein still can constitute an environmental threat. ... 1995 Gallium Arsenide - all solid wastes $35,437,500 Gallium Arsenide - aqueous wastes $945,000 Gallium Antimonide - all ...

  • Gallium arsenide - Notes Read

    Jun 18, 2020  Gallium arsenide. (GaAs). It is a compound of gallium and arsenic. It is an important semiconductor and is used to make devices such as microwave frequency integrated circuits, infrared emission diodes, laser diodes, and photovoltaic cells. Summary [ hide ] 1 Gallium 2 GaAs vs. Yes and ge 3 GaAs in high frequency technologies 4 Advantages 1 Disadvantages 5 Health effects of Gallium 6 ...

  • Environmental Fate of Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor ...

    As a result, many mobile phones are disposed of via incineration and landfilling. The disposal of GaAs semiconductors could lead to some releases of gallium and arsenic to air and water. The methodology presented here begins with an estimation of the cumulative number of disposed mobile phones, using a

  • Recycling process for recovery of gallium from GaN an e ...

    Recovery of gallium from coal fly ash (Fang and Gesser, 1996), phosphorus flue dust (Xu et al., 2007), gallium arsenide scrap (Lee and Nam, 1998), and gallium from zinc residue (Wu et al., 2012) have been reported in literature.

  • Recycling CMK Ltd. - The Gallium Arsenide Company

    Recycling. The skilled CMK’s team developed the unique recycling technology of many waste types containing Gallium.The recycling process is a method for retrieval of pure metallic Gallium, which is important from both economic and environmental point of view, respectively.This process is effective because of the recycling of the waste material, which is necessarily coming from the Gallium ...

  • Gallium arsenide - Wikipedia

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is an important semiconductor material for high-cost, high-efficiency solar cells and is used for single-crystalline thin film solar cells and for multi-junction solar cells. The first known operational use of GaAs solar cells in space was for the Venera 3 mission, launched in 1965.

  • Amazon: gallium

    Gallium Liquid Metal 100 Grams, 99.99% Pure Melting Gallium - Two 50g Vials (100g), Two Syringes, Three Silicone Mold Cubes, and Complete DIY Science Experiment Guide 4.3 out of 5

  • Green Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) Substrate Manufacturing

    Green Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) Substrate Manufacturing . Stefan Eichler . Freiberger Compound Materials GmbH, Am Junger Loewe Schacht 5, D-9599 Freiberg, Germany, email: [email protected]; phone: +49 3731 280 100 . Keywords: green manufacturing, recycling, waste minimization, water consumption, pollution prevention . Abstract

  • Gallium Arsenide - prochemonline

    SECTION 13 DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Dispose of in according to local, state, and federal regulations. SECTION 14 TRANSPORTATION DATA DOT: UN1557 IATA: UN1557 Arsenic compounds, solid, n.o.s. Arsenic compound, solid, n.o.s. (Gallium arsenide) (Gallium arsenide) CLASS 6.1

  • Demand for Gallium Market to Witness Surge During ...

    Jan 04, 2019  The impure form is further refined to get pure gallium known as 6N Gallium. In some cases it is recovered as by-product from zinc processing. It is generally used in compound form, either as gallium nitride (GaN) or gallium arsenide (GaAs). These two compounds accounts for the major consumption of gallium worldwide.

  • Gallium arsenide (GaAs) leaching behavior and surface ...

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a material widely used in electronic devices. Disposal of electronic waste containing GaAs in municipal solid waste landfills raises concerns about the public health and ecological risks associated with the potential release of toxic arsenic (As) species. In this study, different tests were performed to investigate the leaching behavior of

  • 6.12: Electronic Grade Gallium Arsenide - Chemistry LibreTexts

    Jun 19, 2020  Synthesis and purification of gallium arsenide. Gallium arsenide can be prepared by the direct reaction of the elements, (6.12.2). However, while conceptually simple the synthesis of GaAs is complicated by the different vapor pressures of the reagents and

  • Biological monitoring of arsenic exposure of gallium ...

    Biological monitoring of arsenic exposure of gallium arsenide- and inorganic arsenic-exposed workers by determination of inorganic arsenic and its metabolites in urine and hair. Yamauchi H(1), Takahashi K, Mashiko M, Yamamura Y. Author information: (1)Department of Public Health, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.

  • Gallium Statistics and Information - USGS

    Gallium is not produced in the United States, and demand is satisfied by imports, primarily high-purity material from France and low-purity material from Kazakhstan and Russia. More than 95% of gallium consumed in the United States is in the form of gallium arsenide (GaAs). Analog integrated circuits are the largest application for gallium, with optoelectronic devices

  • Gallium Is A Metal That Melts In Your Hands Latest ...

    The element gallium is an unexpected metal—it's a soft, silvery-white metal that is solid at room temperature (similar to aluminum) but it can literally melt in the palm of your hand. It's bizarre and a little unsettling to see, but it makes sense. The melting point for gallium (which is represented on the Periodic Table as Ga) is relatively low, at 85.6°F (29.8°C).

  • SAFETY DATA SHEET - Fisher Scientific

    Gallium arsenide Revision Date 18-Feb-2020 Mobility Is not likely mobile in the environment due its low water solubility. 13. Disposal considerations Waste Disposal Methods Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. Chemical waste generators must also consult local, regional, and

  • Environmental Fate of Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor ...

    Apr 01, 2003  Summary This article describes a methodology for the quantitative assessment of the environmental fate of gallium and arsenic from the disposal of mobile phones containing gallium arsenide (GaAs) semiconductors, using data from Japan. The product lifetime of mobile phones is short, and the recycling systems for such phones are currently underdeveloped. As a result, many mobile

  • Gallium Statistics and Information - USGS

    Gallium is not produced in the United States, and demand is satisfied by imports, primarily high-purity material from France and low-purity material from Kazakhstan and Russia. More than 95% of gallium consumed in the United States is in the form of gallium arsenide (GaAs). Analog integrated circuits are the largest application for gallium, with optoelectronic devices

  • Gallium Is A Metal That Melts In Your Hands Latest ...

    The element gallium is an unexpected metal—it's a soft, silvery-white metal that is solid at room temperature (similar to aluminum) but it can literally melt in the palm of your hand. It's bizarre and a little unsettling to see, but it makes sense. The melting point for gallium (which is represented on the Periodic Table as Ga) is relatively low, at 85.6°F (29.8°C).

  • SAFETY DATA SHEET - Fisher Scientific

    Gallium arsenide Revision Date 18-Feb-2020 Mobility Is not likely mobile in the environment due its low water solubility. 13. Disposal considerations Waste Disposal Methods Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. Chemical waste generators must also consult local, regional, and

  • Environmental Fate of Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor ...

    Apr 01, 2003  Summary This article describes a methodology for the quantitative assessment of the environmental fate of gallium and arsenic from the disposal of mobile phones containing gallium arsenide (GaAs) semiconductors, using data from Japan. The product lifetime of mobile phones is short, and the recycling systems for such phones are currently underdeveloped. As a result, many mobile

  • Recovery of Gallium and Arsenic from Gallium Arsenide ...

    Jan 23, 2012  Gallium arsenide (GaAs) has both high saturated electron velocity and high electron mobility, making it useful as a semiconductor material in a variety of applications, including light‐emitting diodes (LEDs), integrated circuits (ICs), and microwave appliances. A side effect of the use of gallium (Ga) is the production of a relatively large ...

  • Gallium Wiki

    Gallium is a chemical element with the symbol Ga and atomic number 31. Elemental gallium is a soft, silvery blue metal at standard temperature and pressure; however in its liquid state it becomes silvery white. If too much force is applied, the gallium may fracture conchoidally. It is in group 13 of the periodic table, and thus has similarities to the other metals of the group, aluminium ...

  • Gallium - Amazon S3

    Gallium arsenide wafers, undoped 2851.00.0010 2.8% ad val. Gallium arsenide wafers, doped 3818.00.0010 Free. Depletion Allowance: Not applicable. Government Stockpile: None. Events, Trends, and Issues: Imports of gallium and GaAs wafers continued to supply almost all U.S. demand for gallium and were higher than those in 2005.

  • The Element Gallium -- Gallium Atom

    The compound, gallium arsenide is a semiconductor commonly used in light-emitting diodes). Applications. Analog integrated circuits are the most common application for gallium, with optoelectronic devices (mostly laser diodes and light-emitting diodes) as the second largest end use. Since it wets glass or porcelain, gallium is used to create ...

  • GaAs Wafer 11 Interesting Facts About Gallium Arsenide

    May 29, 2018  Gallium’s boiling point is around 2,400°C and density of Gallium is 5.9037 grams for every cubic centimeter. There are two naturally occurring isotopes of gallium, gallium-69, and gallium-71. By sending an electric current through something like gallium oxide, pure gallium metal can be obtained. Gallium arsenide can be found in LEDs.

  • POLLUTION PREVENTION IN THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY

    Dec 22, 2005  A process was developed for the recovery of both arsenic and gallium from gallium arsenide polishing wastes. The economics associated with the current disposal techniques utilizing ferric hydroxide precipitation dictate that sequential recovery of toxic arsenic and valuble gallium, with subsequent purification and inhouse reuse of both, is to the benefit of the gallium arsenide crystal

  • GaAs Wafer What is Gallium Arsenide? - Wafer World

    Mar 29, 2018  Gallium is used primarily in electronics. 95% of all gallium produced is used to make gallium arsenide (GaAs), a compound used in microwave and infrared circuits, semiconductors and blue and violet LEDs. Gallium arsenide can produce laser light directly from electricity and is used in solar panels, including those on the Mars Exploration Rover.

  • Gallium arsenide - Compound Semiconductor

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic. It is a III-V direct bandgap semiconductor with a zinc blende crystal structure. GaAs is often used as a substrate material for the epitaxial growth of other III-V semiconductors including: Indium gallium arsenide, aluminum gallium arsenide and others.

  • Gallium Arsenide Stanford Nanofabrication Facility

    Gallium Arsenide . Common Name: Gallium Arsenide. Chemical Formula: GaAs. Items per page . Equipment name Badger ID Training Required Charges Cleanliness Lab Organization Location Notes ; 110°C Oven oven110 : 110°C Oven Training: All: SNF. SNF Cleanroom Paul G Allen L107 ...

  • Gallium arsenide - Registration Dossier - ECHA

    Environmental precautions: Do not allow to enter fine-grained gallium arsenide and slurries, chemical reaction products the drains. Methods for cleaning up / taking up: Use pulp or special vacuum cleaner for cleaning up. Disposal of contaminated material under consideration of legal regulations.

  • GaAs Wafer What is Gallium Arsenide? - Wafer World

    Mar 29, 2018  Gallium is used primarily in electronics. 95% of all gallium produced is used to make gallium arsenide (GaAs), a compound used in microwave and infrared circuits, semiconductors and blue and violet LEDs. Gallium arsenide can produce laser light directly from electricity and is used in solar panels, including those on the Mars Exploration Rover.

  • Gallium arsenide - Compound Semiconductor

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic. It is a III-V direct bandgap semiconductor with a zinc blende crystal structure. GaAs is often used as a substrate material for the epitaxial growth of other III-V semiconductors including: Indium gallium arsenide, aluminum gallium arsenide and others.

  • Gallium Arsenide Stanford Nanofabrication Facility

    Gallium Arsenide . Common Name: Gallium Arsenide. Chemical Formula: GaAs. Items per page . Equipment name Badger ID Training Required Charges Cleanliness Lab Organization Location Notes ; 110°C Oven oven110 : 110°C Oven Training: All: SNF. SNF Cleanroom Paul G Allen L107 ...

  • Gallium arsenide - Registration Dossier - ECHA

    Environmental precautions: Do not allow to enter fine-grained gallium arsenide and slurries, chemical reaction products the drains. Methods for cleaning up / taking up: Use pulp or special vacuum cleaner for cleaning up. Disposal of contaminated material under consideration of legal regulations.

  • Metal Profile: Gallium and LED Lights - ThoughtCo

    The development of gallium-aluminium-arsenic (GaAlAs) semiconductor compounds resulted in LEDs that were ten-times brighter than previous, while the color spectrum available to LEDs also advanced based on new, gallium-containing semi-conductive substrates, such as indium-gallium-nitride (InGaN), gallium-arsenide-phosphide (GaAsP), and gallium ...

  • CMK Ltd. - The Gallium Arsenide Company

    CMK The Gallium Arsenide Company. About us. The roots of our company dates back to the 60’s. At that time, it was a part of a big industriel plant for Aluminium oxide production in Ziar nad Hronom and served as a research centre in the field of Gallium and later on Gallium Arsenide processing.

  • Refractive index of GaAs (Gallium arsenide) - Ozaki

    Optical constants of GaAs (Gallium arsenide) Ozaki and Adachi 1995: n,k 0.221-1.03 µm

  • Gallium - Amazon S3

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) components represented about 98% of domestic gallium consumption. About 34% of the gallium consumed was used in optoelectronic devices, which include light-emitting diodes (LEDs), laser diodes, photodetectors, and solar cells. Integrated circuits represented 65% of gallium

  • Gallium Minerals Education Coalition

    Gallium also is a liquid over a greater temperature range than any other element. Gallium is one of the few substances that expands as it freezes, making solid gallium less dense than liquid gallium (water is another substance that possesses this property). Gallium has a very high boiling point, making it useful for high temperature thermometers.

  • Gallium Antimonide AMERICAN ELEMENTS

    Gallium (atomic symbol: Ga, atomic number: 31) is a Block P, Group 13, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 69.723.The number of electrons in each of Gallium's shells is 2, 8, 18, 3 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d 10 4s 2 4p 1.

  • Gallium arsenide - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia

    Indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs) is a ternary alloy of indium arsenide (InAs) and gallium arsenide (GaAs). Indium and gallium are elements of the periodic table while arsenic is a element. Alloys made of these chemical groups are referred to as "III-V" compounds. InGaAs has properties intermediate between those of GaAs and InAs.

  • Resources and extraction of gallium: A review - ScienceDirect

    Gallium arsenide (GaAs) and gallium nitride (GaN), for instance, are valuable compounds used in advanced semiconductors and LED chips. These materials are utilized in many electronic devices, such as cell phones, photovoltaic generation panels, optical communication devices and computers (Han et al., 2008, Kida et al., 2009, Okabe, 2010). Due ...

  • DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED GALLIUM ARSENIDE SOLAR

    Interest in gallium arsenide solar cells was first aroused in 1955 when a theoretical study by D. A. Jenny, J. J. Loferski, and P. Rappaport at the RCA Laboratories at Princeton, N. J. showed gallium arsenide to have the proper bandgap for optimum match of the solar spectrum. would yield the highest theoretical conversion efficiency of any

  • Umicore - Gallium

    Gallium arsenide is also used in mobile telephones and certain microwave appliances, enabling higher-frequency operation and lower energy usage than can be achieved with silicon-based devices. Recycling. End-of-life recycling is challenging due to the dissipative use of gallium. Most of the recovered gallium comes from the production residues ...